Among the commodities of plantations, coffee has become one of the mainstays of North Sumatra Province, Indonesia. Well, for those of you who want to know more closely, following the coffee-producing center in a number of districts, North Sumatra, Indonesia, Medan Look compiled from various sources:
1. Mandailing Natal
This district is very well known with Mandailaing Coffee, Arabica coffee is Spesaliti. The advantages of this than the Robusta coffee is, the more savory aroma, taste better and have lower levels of caffeine. Mandailaing coffee grows at an altitude of 1,700 meters above sea level in the district are Ulu Pungkut (Hulu Godang), District Pakantan and Muara.
2. Humbang Hasundutan
Humbang Hasundutan is one of Arabica coffee production centers spread across seven districts, namely District Paranginan, District Lintongnihuta, District Doloksanggul, District Pollung, District and Sub-District Sijamapollang Onanganjang.
This situation is certainly supported by geographic location, temperature and rainfall are suitable for growth so vast coffee plantations tend to increase.
Lintong coffee Arabica coffee typical designation for Humbang Hasundutan already known long since hundreds of years ago and is now a trade mark which is very famous in the international market with a variety of names such as Sumatra Lintong Arabica, Sumatra Lintong Mandheling, Blue Batak, and others.
Potential Coffee in Humbang Hasundutan
Year 2012 5.982 Tons
Year 2011 5.816 Tons
Year 2010 5.656 Tons
Dairi produce two types of coffee, the Arabica and Robusta which has a distinctly different flavor. Bear a proportion of home industry in this district only manage robusta coffee alone. While Arabica coffee for export.
Based on data from the Dairi Regency in Figures 2012, coffee plantations in this area covering 18 999 hectares or 9.86% of the total area of 192 180 hectares Dairi. Dairi located at an altitude of 1,066 meters above sea level, making it suitable for the cultivation of coffee.
Potential Coffee in Dairi
Year 2012 11.145 Tons
Year 2010 12.847 Tons
Year 2009 2.606 Tons
Yera 2008 18.168 Tons
In Samosir coffee plant species known as Debt Sigarar. Debt Sigarar coffee is Arabica coffee yielding varieties whose names are predefined by the Decree of the Minister of Agriculture No. 205 / Kpts / SR.120 / 4/2005 About Determination Coffee Varieties "Sigarar Utang" as Varieties.
Sigarar Utang coffee is said because farmers believe that the results of the coffee can immediately pay the debt capital when planting for coffee planting time is very short, where this coffee fruit at the age of one year and eight months.
Samosir regency has the potential for coffee plantation given the hilly topography. Coffee commodity production center in this district, which is in District Ronggur Nihuta, District and Sub-District Pangururan Palipi.
The coffee plants spread across the Karo District and most widely respectively located in Merek, Tiga Panah, Simpang Empat, Payung dan Munthe. Currently Sub Brand is better known as a center for the production of coffee, because this region is a line of coffee plant development and has now reached 1500 hectares. Developed coffee is Arabica.
In the future planned to become a regional Sub Brand KIMBUN-COFFEE where starting from planting to processing into powder concentrated in Sub Brand. Now recorded area of 5,045 hectares with production 10837.85 tons of coffee plants in Karo.
6. North Tapanuli
In North Tapanuli, coffee plants is one of the leading commodities smallholders and excellent long-established/cultivated communities for generations in almost all districts. Species that are developed are Coffee Arabica, Coffee Liberika and Robusta coffee.
Coffee Plant Lintong of Arabica species has been known in foreign countries that have a comparative advantage over other coffee in Indonesia. Lintong coffee is Natural Endowment for North Tapanuli has advantages taste like: aroma, taste and flavor are excellent and the quality is higher.
Area of 21 362 hectares of coffee plantations spread over 15 districts with production 8058.88 tons.
Coffee plants in Simalungun cultivated in 18 districts, as production centers in the district are: Raya, Panel, Sidamanik, dan Dolok Pardamean, following subdistricts: Silima Kuta, Jorlang Hataran, Dolok Glare, Purba, GS Bolon and Dolok Panribuan.
Investment Coordinating Board (BKPM), a species of coffee which was developed in Simalungun, namely Coffee Robusta and Arabica Coffee. Land area of 2682.9 ha and Robusta Coffee Arabica coffee 7283.41 ha.
Simalungun at an altitude of 1,000-1,400 meters above sea level is perfect and ideal for coffee plants. (Midian Coki)